Cotton

As a textile producing country No. 5 in the world, the export volume of Indonesia's textile and textile industry (TPT) in 2005 reached US $ 8.59 billion and absorbed 1.7 million workers, excluding the labor absorbed in agriculture and trade. Cotton fiber is the main raw material of textile industry. The demand for cotton fiber in 2004/2005 is around 510 thousand tons, which is predicted to increase to 688 thousand tons in 2010. Domestic cotton fiber production is only around 1,600 - 2,500 thousand tons or less than 0.5% of national demand. Until 2025, cotton agribusiness is expected to contribute to textile industry about 30% of the current cotton raw material needs. The challenges faced by Indonesia cotton development are complex, starting from the unavailability of quality seeds to the scarcity of farmers capital. The availability of natural resources, especially dry land, is quite extensive outside Java, such as South Sulawesi, West Nusa Tenggara, and East Nusa Tenggara that provide opportunities for national cotton development. Therefore, cotton commodity is one of the priority commodities to be developed to support plantation revitalization.

One aspect of intensification is superior variety, because superior variety is the most technological component that is easily adopted by farmers. ISFCRI has released 15 series of Indonesian Cotton Varieties (Kanesia); six of which were released in 2006/2007 i.e. Kanesia 10, Kanesia 11, Kanesia 12, Kanesia 13, Kanesia 14 and Kanesia 15. Kanesia 8 is a cotton superior variety that has been used in national cotton development with a production potential of 1.85â - 2 , 73 tons of seeded cotton/ha and fiber quality of 33.3 - 38.7%. The new varieties have a production potential of 17 - 22% higher than Kanesia 8, and moderate resistance levels to one of the major cotton pests, Amrasca biguttulla, and fiber quality which is no different with Kanesia 8. Kanesia 14 and Kanesia 15 have a greater adaptability to water limitations than other varieties, so both varieties are more suitable to be developed in rainfed areas.

Cotton-superior varieties development in an estimated area of 10,000 hectares and with productivity at farmer level reaches 1.5 ton / ha (50% to 70% of production potential), then the national cotton production will increase 9,000 tonnes of cotton seed or 3,000 tons of cotton fiber equivalent to US $ 4.2 million (with an average fiber price of US $ 1.4 / kg fiber). The benefits will increase even higher if the area of cotton is able to reach the national cotton development target of around 70,000 ha in 2010.



Released in 2018

Fiber Color: Light Brown
(Munsel : 7.5 YR 7/6 RHS : Greyed Orange Group 165C)

Productivity: (kg seed cotton/ha.)
Without Pest Control: 1.359,7 - 2.534,6
With Pest Control: 1.335,8 - 2.708,7

Fiber Content: 33,6% 
Fiber Quality:
- length 23,9 mm, 
- smoothness 5,7 mikroner 
- strength 22,4 gr/tex 
- stretchy 6,9 % 
- uniformity 84,7 %. 
Endurance: 
- Drought: Tolerant
- Amrasca biguttula:Rather vulnerable

Breeders  Emy Sulistyowati, Siwi Sumartini, Taufiq Hidayat RS dan Moch. Machfud
Researcher  Abdurrakman, Titiek Yulianti, Cece Suhara, F.T Kadarwati, P.D Riajaya, A.M. Syakir dan F Djufry
Technicians Suhadi, Hadi Santoso, Sadta Yoga, Abdul Haris, Samsul Arif.
Institution Indonesian Sweetener and Fiber Crops Research Institute
Executive Summary of BRONESIA 1 PDF 1.28 MB (the Summary is in Indonesian)

ISA 205 A is an introductory variety derived from the French Institute de Recherches du coton et des Textiles Exotiques (IRCT); into a germplasm collection of Balai Penelitian Tanaman Pemanis dan Serat (Balittas) in 1986.
Released in 2003


Production Potential:
- 1977 kg of seeded cotton under monoculture conditions 
- 1341 kg of seeded cotton in intercropping conditions. 
Fiber Content : 39.5% 
Fiber Quality: 
- Length 1.17 - 1.25 inch, 
- Smoothness 4.2 - 5.1 mic 
- Strength 22.0-29.2 gr/tex 
- Elasticity 4.8-5.9 %. 
Resistance :
- Tolerant to A. biguttula. 
- Tolerant to S. rolfsii, R. solani, and X. campestris pv. Malvacearum
Status Commercial
Researcher S. Sumartini, Hasnam, F.T. Kadarwati, and E. Sulistyowati
Institution
Balai Penelitian Tanaman Tembakau dan Serat

KANESIA or Kapas Indonesia is a superior varieties of cotton breeding program at Balai Penelitian Tanaman Pemanis dan Serat (Balittas). KANESIA variety assembling is aimed at improving cotton productivity both in monoculture cultivation and intercropping with palawija and to meet the quality standards of fiber desired by the textile industry in Indonesia. Until 2006, has been released 9 new KANESIA variety series, namely Kanesia 1-9. The varieties currently used in cotton development are Kanesia 7, 8, and 9.
Released in 2003

Harvesting Age: 115 days. 
Production Potential : 2545kg of seeded cotton 
Fiber Content: 38.7% 
Fiber Quality:
- Length 30.3 mm 
- Smoothness 4.1 mic 
- Strength 24.7 g/tex 
- Uniformity 84 %
Resistance :
- Susceptible to H. Armigera
- Resistant to A. Biguttula and X. campestris pv. Malvacearum
- Resistant to R. Solani and S. Rolfsii.
Status Commercial
Researcher Hasnam, S. Sumartini, E. Sulistyowati, Abdurrakhman, Supriyono, Suhadi, F.T. Kadarwati, P.R. Riajaya, IGAA Indrayani, and C. Suhara
Institution
Balai Penelitian Tanaman Tembakau dan Serat

KANESIA or Kapas Indonesia is a superior varieties of cotton breeding program at Balai Penelitian Tanaman Pemanis dan Serat (Balittas). KANESIA variety assembling is aimed at improving cotton productivity both in monoculture cultivation and intercropping with palawija and to meet the quality standards of fiber desired by the textile industry in Indonesia. Until 2006, has been released 9 new KANESIA variety series, namely Kanesia 1-9. The varieties currently used in cotton development are Kanesia 7, 8, and 9.
Released in 2003

Harvesting Age : 112 days. 
Production Potential: 2726 kg of seeded cotton 
Fiber Content : 35.2% 
Fiber Quality : 
- Length 29.22 mm, 
- Smoothness 4.7 mic 
- Strength 22.6 gr/tex 
- Uniformity 83 %. 
Resistance :
- Resistant to R. solani and S. Rolfsii
- Susceptible to H. Armigera
- Slightly Resistant to A. biguttula dan X. campestris pv. Malvacearum.
Status Commercial
Researcher Hasnam, S. Sumartini, E. Sulistyowati, Abdurrakhman, Supriyono, Suhadi, F.T. Kadarwati, P.R. Riajaya, IGAA Indrayani, and C. Suhara
Institution
Balai Penelitian Tanaman Tembakau dan Serat

Kanesia 10 shows higher productivity, has a production potential of more than 3 tons of seeded cotton, as well as several other advantages. Kanesia 10 varieties show an index of stability ± 1, which means that these varieties are able to adapt widely in various development areas. Significant progress is achieved on fiber content in Kanesia varieties 10. Its fiber content is 27.2% and 8.11% higher than Kanesia 8. Characteristics of Kanesia 10 fiber quality in accordance with the national textile industry needs is, fiber length 26,92-29,34 mm, strength 27,13-29,50 g / tex, and fiber uniformity 83,3-84,6%. However, the smoothness of fiber still does not fully meet the criteria expected by the textile industry, which is 3,5-4,5 mic, although some factories still use fiber with smoothness > 4.5 mic. Kanesia 10 varieties suitable for East Java, Central Java, NTB, South Sulawesi, Yogyakarta, Bali and NTT.



Released in 2007

Production Potential : 
- 1.969-3.025 kg/ha of seeded cotton with minimal protection (10g imidachloprit/kg seeds and pesticide extracts of mimba seeds) 
- 1.002-2.287 kg/ha of seeded cotton on without insecticide treatment condition 
Fiber Content : 45.98% 
Fiber Quality : 
- panjang 28.96 mm 
- Smoothness 4.38 mic 
- Strength 27.13 g/tex 
- Elasticity 6.45% 
- Uniformity 83.7 %. 
Resistance :
- Resistant to A.biguttula, and P. gossypiella
Status Socialization to PVT farmers
Researcher E. Sulistyowati, Hasnam, S. Sumartini, H. Sudarmo, IGAA Indrayani, and C. Suhara
Institution
Balai Penelitian Tanaman Tembakau dan Serat

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