Cotton

As a textile producing country No. 5 in the world, the export volume of Indonesia's textile and textile industry (TPT) in 2005 reached US $ 8.59 billion and absorbed 1.7 million workers, excluding the labor absorbed in agriculture and trade. Cotton fiber is the main raw material of textile industry. The demand for cotton fiber in 2004/2005 is around 510 thousand tons, which is predicted to increase to 688 thousand tons in 2010. Domestic cotton fiber production is only around 1,600 - 2,500 thousand tons or less than 0.5% of national demand. Until 2025, cotton agribusiness is expected to contribute to textile industry about 30% of the current cotton raw material needs. The challenges faced by Indonesia cotton development are complex, starting from the unavailability of quality seeds to the scarcity of farmers capital. The availability of natural resources, especially dry land, is quite extensive outside Java, such as South Sulawesi, West Nusa Tenggara, and East Nusa Tenggara that provide opportunities for national cotton development. Therefore, cotton commodity is one of the priority commodities to be developed to support plantation revitalization.

One aspect of intensification is superior variety, because superior variety is the most technological component that is easily adopted by farmers. ISFCRI has released 15 series of Indonesian Cotton Varieties (Kanesia); six of which were released in 2006/2007 i.e. Kanesia 10, Kanesia 11, Kanesia 12, Kanesia 13, Kanesia 14 and Kanesia 15. Kanesia 8 is a cotton superior variety that has been used in national cotton development with a production potential of 1.85â - 2 , 73 tons of seeded cotton/ha and fiber quality of 33.3 - 38.7%. The new varieties have a production potential of 17 - 22% higher than Kanesia 8, and moderate resistance levels to one of the major cotton pests, Amrasca biguttulla, and fiber quality which is no different with Kanesia 8. Kanesia 14 and Kanesia 15 have a greater adaptability to water limitations than other varieties, so both varieties are more suitable to be developed in rainfed areas.

Cotton-superior varieties development in an estimated area of 10,000 hectares and with productivity at farmer level reaches 1.5 ton / ha (50% to 70% of production potential), then the national cotton production will increase 9,000 tonnes of cotton seed or 3,000 tons of cotton fiber equivalent to US $ 4.2 million (with an average fiber price of US $ 1.4 / kg fiber). The benefits will increase even higher if the area of cotton is able to reach the national cotton development target of around 70,000 ha in 2010.

Kanesia 11 shows higher productivity, which has a production potential of more than 3 tons of seeded cotton, as well as several other advantages. This variety shows the stability index ± 1, which means that Kanesia 11 varieties are able to adapt widely in various development areas. Significant progress is achieved on fiber content in Kanesia varieties 11. Fiber content   these varieties   8.11% higher than Kanesia 8. Characteristics of fiber quality   Kanesia 11 is in accordance with the needs of the national textile industry with fiber length 26.92-29.34 mm, strength 27.13-29.50 g/tex, and fiber uniformity 83.3-84.6%. Nevertheless, fiber smoothness is still not fully satisfying the criteria expected by the textile industry, which is 3.5-4.5 mic, although some factories still use fiber with fineness > 4.5 mic. Kanesia 11 varieties suitable for East Java, Central Java, NTB, South Sulawesi, Yogyakarta, Bali and NTT.
Released in 2007

Production Potential : 
- 1.960-3.027 kg/ha of seeded cotton with minimal protection (10g imidachloprit /kg seeds and pesticide extracts of mimba seeds) 
- 705-2.478 kg/ha of seeded cotton on without insecticide treatment condition  
Fiber Content : 38.92% 
Fiber Quality : 
- Length 27.98 mm 
- Smoothness 4.5 mic 
- Strength 27.77 g/tex 
- Elasticity 6.45% 
- Uniformity 83.3 %. 
Resistance :
- Resistant to A.biguttula 

This variety is recommended for cotton development without pesticide.
Status Socialization to farmers
Researcher E. Sulistyowati, Hasnam, S. Sumartini, H. Sudarmo, IGAA Indrayani, and C. Suhara
Institution
Balai Penelitian Tanaman Tembakau dan Serat

Kanesia 12 shows higher productivity, which has a production potential of more than 3 tons of seeded cotton, as well as several other advantages. The varieties show stability index ± 1, which means that Kanesia 12 varieties are able to adapt widely in various development areas. Kanesia 12 varieties suitable for East Java, Central Java, NTB, South Sulawesi, Yogyakarta, Bali and NTT.


Released in 2007

Production Potential : 
- 2,14-2,75 kg/ha of seeded cotton with minimal protection (10g imidachloprit /kg seeds and pesticide extracts of mimba seeds)
- 1,35-2,65 kg/ha of seeded cotton on without insecticide treatment condition 
Fiber Content : 34.54% 
Fiber Quality : 
- Length 29.34 mm
- Smoothness 4.57 mic 
- Strength 29.50 g/tex 
- Elasticity 6.07% 
- Uniformity 84.62 %. 
Resistance : Resistant to A.biguttula 

This Variety is recommended for cotton development without pesticides.

Kanesia 13 shows higher productivity, which has a production potential of more than 3 tons of seeded cotton, as well as several other advantages. Kanesia 13 shows the stability index ± 1, which means that this variety is able to adapt widely in various development areas. Kanesia 13 is suitable for East Java, Central Java, NTB, South Sulawesi, Yogyakarta, Bali and NTT.
Released in 2007

Production Potential : 
- 1.920-3.174 kg/ha of seeded cotton on minimal protection (10g imidachloprit /kg seeds and pesticide extracts of mimba seeds) 
- 995-2.135 kg/ha of seeded cotton on without pesticide treatment condition  
Fiber Content : 36.42% 
Fiber Quality : 
- Length 26.92 mm
- Smoothness 5.08 mic 
- Strength 28.32 g/tex 
- Elasticity 6.83% 
- Uniformity 83.60 %. 
Resistance : Resistant to A.biguttula
Status Socialization to PVT farmers
Researcher E. Sulistyowati, Hasnam, S. Sumartini, H. Sudarmo, IGAA Indrayani, and C. Suhara<
Institution
Balai Penelitian Tanaman Tembakau dan Serat

Kanesia 14 originated from a cross between (Reba B-50 X Reba BTK 12-Thailand) and (MCU9 X Auburn 200). Kanesia 14 released in 2007 is a cotton variety that has the advantage of tolerating water limitation or drought resistance, so that Kanesia 14 varieties are more suitable for development in rainfed areas, this variety also has moderate resistance to Amrasca biguttulla. Considering the correlation between drought and the extent of A. biguttula in cotton development areas that are still dominated by dry land, it is advisable to conduct seed treatment using imidachloprit at a dose of 10 mg/kg of seed before planting. Drought-tolerant Kanesia 14 contributes to substantially increased fiber gain and increased spinning efficiency due to the increasing strength and fiber length. Kanesia 14 is suitable for development areas in East Java, NTB and South Sulawesi.


Released in 2007


Harvesting Age : 115-120 days. 
Productivity : 
- 995-2135 kg/ha of seeded cotton under water limitations condition
- 1381-3933 kg/ha of seeded cotton under optimal water availability conditions. 
Fiber Content : 38.96% 
Fiber Quality : 
- Length 28.44 mm
- Smoothness 4.7 microner 
- Strength 31.13 gr/tex 
- Elasticity 6.13 % 
- Uniformity 84.66 % 
Resistance : 
- Resistant to water limitations condition
- Resistant to A. biguttula
Status Socialization to farmer
Researcher S. Sumartini, E. Sulistyowati, Hasnam, and H. Sudarmo
Institution
Balai Penelitian Tanaman Tembakau dan Serat

Kanesia 15 originated from a cross between ISA 205 A and ALA 73-2M. Kanesia 15 released in 2007 is a cotton variety that has the advantage of tolerating water limitations or drought resistance, so that Kanesia varieties 15 are more suitable for rainfed areas development, this variety also has moderate resistance to Amrasca biguttulla. Considering the correlation between drought and the extent of A. biguttula in cotton development areas that dominated by dry land, it is advisable to conduct seed treatment using imidachloprit at a dose of 10 mg / kg of seed before planting. Drought-tolerant Kanesia 15 contributes to substantially increased fiber gain and increased spinning efficiency due to the increasing strength and fiber length. Kanesia 15 is suitable for development areas in East Java, NTB and South Sulawesi. 

Released in 2007

Harvesting Age : 115-120 days. 
Productivity : 
- 962-2237 kg/ha of seeded cotton under water limited condition, 
- 1617-3617 kg/ha of seeded cotton under optimal water availability conditions. 
Fiber Content : 44.16% 
Fiber Quality : 
- length 29.97 mm, 
- smoothness 4.9 microner 
- Strength 32.16 gr/tex 
- Elasticity 5.63 % 
- Uniformity 86.46 %. 
Resistance : 
- Resistant to drought. 
- Resistant to Amrasca biguttula
Status Socialization to farmers
Researcher S. Sumartini, E. Sulistyowati, Hasnam, and H. Sudarmo
Institution
Balai Penelitian Tanaman Tembakau dan Serat

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